PROMOTE AND ADOPT A MODEL DIET
MEDITERRANEAN DIET CAN HELPS TO IMPROVE GENERAL HEALTH AND TO REDUCE THE RISK OF CHRONIC DISEASES, INCLUDING CANCERS
A healthy diet model, adopted in European countries, is the traditional Mediterranean diet: the combination of a wide variety of plant foods, a high consumption of cereals, the moderate use of healthy fats such as olive oil, a low consumption of (red) meat and moderate consumption of wine can offer a balanced approach to nutrition that provides our body with the nutrients needed for good health and reduces the risk of developing conditions such as cancer.
The biological mechanisms underlying cancer prevention related to the Mediterranean diet have been linked to the favorable effect of a balanced ratio of omega-6 and omega-3 essential fatty acids, as well as the high content of fiber, antioxidants and polyphenols present in fruit, vegetables, in olive oil and in wine.
Omega-6 and omega-3 essential fatty acids, present in the right proportion in the Mediterranean diet, play an important role in regulating inflammatory processes in our body, which are linked to the development of cancer. Furthermore, the Mediterranean diet is rich in fiber, which promotes the normal functioning of the intestine and contributes to reducing the risk of tumors of the digestive system.
Moreover, the presence of antioxidants and polyphenols in foods such as fruits, vegetables, olive oil and wine may provide protection against oxidative damage caused by free radicals, which is a key factor in the development of cancer. These natural compounds have demonstrated anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anticancer properties, which may contribute to the prevention of cancer.
The Mediterranean diet is not only a healthy nutritional model, but also represents a balanced lifestyle that encourages regular physical activity and moderate consumption of foods such as wine during meals. This comprehensive approach to diet and lifestyle has been associated with numerous health benefits, including reduced cancer risk.