IT IS IMPORTANT TO ESTABLISH A MULTIDISCIPINARY APPROACH THAT INCLUDES EDUCATION, PREVENTION, EARLY DIAGNOSIS AND THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PERSONALIZED THERAPIES TO OBTAIN OPTIMAL RESULTS IN TERMS OF HEALTH AND WELL-BEING.
The adoption of measures to abolish tobacco consumption represents an important strategy to reduce the risk of cancer and improve the general health of the population. At the same time, it is essential to promote educational campaigns aimed to inform people about correct nutrition and a healthy lifestyle, in order to prevent the manifestation of oncological diseases.
Another crucial aspect is the increase in screening, which consists in the early diagnosis of tumor pathologies through the use of specific tests. This practice helps detect early signs of cancer, allowing for timely intervention and a better prognosis for patients. Furthermore, it is important to underline the importance of implementing broad screening programs, in order to cover a large percentage of the population and ensure timely detection of cancer cases.
Genetics and precision oncology represent a fundamental breakthrough in the fight against cancer. Through the analysis of the genetic heritage of individuals, it is possible to identify subjects at high risk of developing certain types of tumors. This knowledge allows us to adopt targeted preventive measures and personalize treatment to improve the effectiveness of therapies and the prognosis of patients.
Furthermore, it is crucial to focus on tertiary prevention, which aims to reduce the risk of developing secondary cancers in cancer survivors. Through adequate management of medical follow-up, it is possible to closely monitor patients’ health, early identifying any recurrences or appearance of new tumor lesions.
If all these measures are adopted and integrated with a comprehensive approach to fighting cancer, it is possible to predict a significant reduction in mortality related to this disease by up to 35%, as well as an increase in cancer survival by up to 70% by 2070.